Tomato variety Intuition has gained popularity among gardeners with high yields, good adaptation to weather conditions and resistance to diseases. In the article we will consider the characteristics, description and rules for the care and cultivation of the variety.
Characteristics and description of the variety Intuition
This hybrid variety was bred in 1998 by Russian breeders. Refers to varieties medium term of aging.
The ripening period of the fruit is 100-120 days from the moment the first shoots appear. In height the bush grows up to 2 meters. In greenhouse conditions can grow significantly higher. The leaves have a dark green color.
Fruits are medium size, round shape, weight from 85 to 160 grams. The color of the fruit is bright red, and the taste is sweet-sour. The flesh is not very dense, tender.Intuition Grade fruit weight - 85-160 grams
Virtues of tomato
The advantages of this variety of tomato include:
- excellent presentation;
- high yield;
- resistance to cracking;
- good seed germination;
- high disease resistance;
- good transportability;
- storage time;
- suitable for brushing;
- dense pulp, convenient for preservation in general.
Properly grown seedlings are the key to a good harvest. The most successful time for sowing seeds is end of February - beginning of March.
Seeds before planting are necessary for disinfection. soak for 2 hours in a strong solution of manganese. This procedure is performed in order to increase disease resistance by seedlings. After disinfection, the seeds are washed with warm water. Seeds, ready for planting, are planted in plastic containers or wooden boxes.
Soil preparation and sowing seeds
Soil for planting seedlings can be prepared by mixing in equal proportions the garden soil, peat, mullein. On the bucket of the finished soil should be added:
- ash - 150 grams;
- river sand - 1 kg;
- superphosphate - 35 grams.
Fill disinfected seedling containers with this mixture. The seeds are sown in the grooves to a depth of 1.5-2 centimeters. The distance between the seeds in a row at least 2 centimeters. Grooves sprinkled with earth and watered with warm water. Cover with polyethylene and leave in a room with temperature. +25 degrees.
After the appearance of germs, the polyethylene is removed, the temperature in the room reduce to +22 degrees. After that, water seedlings should be no more than once every 5 days. Water should be warm.
With the appearance of two sheets, it should be seated in separate pots with a capacity of 1 liter. The first feeding can be done 14 days after transplantation. For these purposes, the best fit ashdivorced in the following proportions:
- ash - 1 cup;
- water - 10 liters.
Infuse this solution for 5-6 hours and water the seedlings.
One of the conditions for obtaining strong seedlings is its hardening. This procedure is ongoing. in 14 days before planting seedlings at a permanent place of growth. The pots are put out for 2 hours. If seedlings are grown on a windowsill, then a window should be opened in the room.
Planting seedlings in the greenhouse
When planting seedlings in the greenhouse, you must adhere to these recommendations:
- To plant seedlings in the greenhouse should in the evening or on a sunny day.
- The soil should be sanitized before planting by adding manganese to the water for irrigation.
- Remove yellow leaves from seedlings.
- Warm up the soil before transplanting. up to 14-15 degrees. In warm soil, seedlings will not take root.
- Do not plant in the ground, which grew peppers, cabbage, eggplant.
- Do not bury the seedlings when transplanting, so that they do not start new roots.
- It is not necessary to introduce chicken droppings or urea into the soil before planting seedlings.
- Planting seedlings should be at a distance 55-60 centimeters apart.
- Since the variety is tall, after 7 days it is necessary to perform a seedling garter to the support.
- It is necessary to form a bush in two stalks and to remove new processes. A large number of shoots will reduce the yield.
If the seedlings are planted on the beds, then the planting should be carried out 7 days after the planting in the greenhouse.
Care after transplant
The main care activities are:
Watering seedlings after transplanting does not immediately need to seedlings are well rooted. The first watering is recommended to make after 10 days. Water the seedlings need warm water (20-25 degrees) to avoid various diseases. Before the flowering period, this variety should be watered. once every five days.
Weeding and loosening procedure is performed. once in 14 days. This should be done very carefully so as not to damage the root system of the seedlings.
The formation of the bush is performed in order to remove the side shoots so that the bush gives more strength to the fruits. Pruning should be done once in 14 days. At the end of summer, the top of the bush is cut off so that it does not grow up anymore. Pruning the bushes growing in the greenhouse, should be after the seventh brush, and growing on the garden, after the fifth.
Since Intuition is a tall variety, a prerequisite for care is garter. It can be carried out within two weeks after transplantation. The height of the support must be at least three meters. Tie up the bushes to be careful not to damage the stem. For this purpose it is best to use a nylon thread.
Two weeks after planting, the seedlings must be fertilized. To do this, add 10 gr. Per 10 liters of water. cow dung and 20 gr. nitrofoski. On 1 bush to make 1 liter of top dressing, repeat in 14 days.
Diseases and pests
Variety of intuition sufficiently resistant to infections and diseases. However, it is necessary to spray the bushes with special preparations 2-3 times throughout the season.
HarvestingFruit harvesting begins 120 days after germination.
Fruit ripening occurs after 110-120 days after germination. They are in good demand due to their excellent appearance and excellent taste. Use the fruit can be for salads and for canning. According to the observation of gardeners, to pluck this variety better brushes. This increases the shelf life.
Fulfilling the care recommendations, growing the Intuition variety and getting a rich harvest is not at all difficult.