Feijoa is an exotic fruit that came from South America. They can be used fresh and dried at home to enjoy the sweet fruits in the offseason. Thanks to its taste and aromatic qualities, the fruits have become popular all over the world. Long-term experiments of breeders made the plant adapted to the colder climate. Now feijoa is grown in the Caucasus, in Turkmenistan, in the Crimea and even in the southern part of the Krasnodar Territory, which made it possible to make the fruit accessible to everyone.
Specificity of Feijoa Drying
Unfortunately, feijoa is a seasonal fruit, so people often look for ways to make it. Some freeze the fruit, others canned or prepared jam. But, like most fruits, it can be dried! The dried version is an excellent snack that can also be used to make desserts, bake meat dishes, or simply add to salads.
Many say that it is simply impossible to dry this fruit. The same thing was once said about kiwi, but for several decades now this dried fruit has been a popular delicacy in Asian countries.
Before starting to dry, it is important to properly prepare the fruit:
- First you need to wash them properly. Do it exclusively in cold water, otherwise the skin will turn yellow. It is recommended to soak the fruit in cold water for a few minutes to get rid of nitrates, which are processed fruit for better preservation.
- Next, feijoa is cut along the body, the bones are removed together and the liquid pulp.
- Peeled fruit cut into slices or strips.
Cutting off the peel of fruit before drying is not necessary.
Methods of drying feijoa at home
The process of feijoa drying is very simple. Even a person who previously had no experience in the procurement of dried fruit, difficulties will not arise.
Drying fruits in their skins in the oven
Ripe feijoa is very juicy and contains a large amount of polyunsaturated fatty acids. Due to this composition, the moisture from the pulp goes very slowly, and the drying process takes a lot of time. Here is what you need to do:
- Preheat oven to 40 °;
- cover the baking sheet with paper and spread on it the already cut feijoa evenly in one thin layer;
- place the baking tray in the oven for 4 to 5 hours;
- Leave the oven door ajar.
It is best to perform drying in an electric furnace, since it has the function of additional blowing, which accelerates the process of evaporation of moisture. After the fruit has cooled, it is laid out on a paper towel and left for a day at room temperature. Dried in this way, the fruit is a bit harsh, but it is ideal for the preparation of pastries (as candied fruits).
Drying in the dryer
Feijoa can be dried quickly and efficiently using an electric dryer, for example, VOLTERA 1000 Lux. First you need to warm it up. Next, on the pallets (in the compartments) of the device place the already prepared material and set the mode suitable for drying juicy fruits (temperature approximately 55 °). The drying time in the dryer, on average, is about 10 to 12 hours, so the procedure is carried out in 2 stages of 5 to 6 hours each. To check feijoa for readiness, it is enough to break one slice and look inside. If juice is extracted from dried pulp, it means that the fruit is not ready yet.The readiness of the product can be determined by the absence of excretion of liquid from the fetus under pressure.
The use of sunlight for drying fruits is the oldest and most common method of harvesting dried fruit. If you have a cottage or you live in a private house, you can dry the fruit under the open sun. For this you need an ordinary garden net, which is placed in the most sunny areas.
Prepared (peeled and chopped) fruits are poured onto the set grid. If you are going to dry feijoa under the open sun, then the slices can be cut a little larger. Next, over the fruit set glass, which will prevent the harmful effects of ultraviolet radiation, while enhancing the action of the sun. Between the fruit and the glass there should be enough space for proper air circulation. In just 3 days you will receive a quality finished product.For drying in the sun you need to cut the fruit into large slices.
This method is suitable for harvesting large quantities of dried fruit. In addition, due to full ventilation in the open air there is no risk of mold.
Drying on the windowsill
To dry the feijoa on the windowsill, you need to do the following:
- Prepare a plastic tray and cover it with a gauze cloth. Gauze is recommended to be sterilized (boil) to prevent the spread of rot on the fruit.
- Dip the fruit in a solution of salted water (two tablespoons of salt per 1 liter of water) for 3 minutes.
- Lay the feijoa lobules on a gauze in a thin layer so that they do not touch each other.
- The tray is left on the windowsill for 3 - 4 days.
In the process of drying it is necessary to constantly monitor the fruit and turn them over (once a day), otherwise rot will appear. Dried in this way, the product retains a large amount of vitamins.
Drying over the stove
Fruits are cut into two or four equal parts along the body and cleaned of liquid pulp. The resulting lobules are strung on a string with a needle, creating small garlands, and hanged over the stove. In just 5-7 days, you will receive soft, dried fruit that can be stored for up to 4 months. This feijoa is added to salads and meat dishes, as well as consumed in its pure form.When dried over the stove, the fruit is pre-cut in half
Cooking dried feijoa
The process of drying at home is slightly different from drying and looks like this:
- First, the fruit is thoroughly soaked in hot water (about 5 - 7 minutes), after which they are cut into two equal parts, removing the seeds and sepals.
- Next, you need to cook the syrup. In one liter of boiling water, add two glasses of sugar and a pinch of salt, boil until the ingredients are completely dissolved (10 - 15 minutes).
- The prepared fruit is immersed in a syrup for 2 hours, after which the lobules are removed and left to drain.
- Then placed on a baking sheet and placed in a preheated 70 ° oven for 4 hours. It is necessary to constantly monitor the condition of the fruit, so that it does not dry out.
Ready slices are allowed to cool. The dried product turns out very juicy and sweet, unlike dried. In this form, it can be served as a complete dessert for tea or coffee, added to pastries, pastries, chocolate. Especially tasty is the combination of dried product with ice cream.To get dried feijoa, the fruit is boiled in a sweet syrup, and then baked
Dried and dried feijoa stored in an airtight, moisture resistant container. Glass jars with tight-fitting lids that fit in a dark, cool and dry place are ideal. Well dried fruit can be stored for up to six months.
In order to have delicious and vitamin-rich dishes on your table all year round, we also recommend that you familiarize yourself with the secrets of cooking dried melon and candied pumpkin.