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Description and characteristics of early varieties of tomato Klusha


If you like to experiment and look for new varieties of tomatoes for your plot, in this case you will appreciate the early variety of tomatoes Klusha, description and characteristics of which are presented below.

Description and characteristics of tomato variety Klusha

Thanks to the work of Russian breeders in 2006, this remarkable variety of tomatoes was obtained. The grade received the name thanks to the similarity with chicken, hiding under the chickens. This species refers to the varieties of early aging. All regions of Russia are suitable for cultivation.

From one bush of tomato wedge you can get up to 3 kg of tomato

The bush is low, grows from 40 to 60 cm. The leaves are dark green. During the flowering period, 7-8 inflorescences are formed, which subsequently almost all give an ovary. Due to the fact that the bush is compact, it can be grown on the windowsill or on the balcony. Does not require a garter and pinching. The variety is fertile, with proper care from one bush, you can get 2.5-3 kg of fruit. Fruits are not large, weighing from 100 to 200 grams, smooth rounded shape with a slight ribbing. By color, Klusha is red, and Super Klusha is pink. The pink fruits of the Superglush are sweeter, while Klushi has a sour taste, but still tasty. The fruit has six seed chambers.

Advantages and disadvantages

The benefits of tomato Klusha include:

  • high immunity to diseases;
  • plentiful fruiting;
  • great taste data;
  • versatility applications (salads, canning);
  • good marketable condition;
  • does not require a garter and removal of processes;
  • the good transportability.
Klusha tomatoes tolerate temperature fluctuations well and are resistant to major diseases of solanaceous crops.

Disadvantages gardeners include only the presence of a large number of leaves.

Seed preparation

Seed preparation is carried out in several stages:

Seeds of tomato Klusha and Super Klusha
  1. selection of quality seeds by soaking in saline;
  2. disinfection with 1% potassium permanganate solution;
  3. growth stimulant treatment;
  4. seed germination;
  5. hardening;
  6. warming up

Soil preparation

It is recommended to take the soil from the garden where zucchini, parsley and carrots used to grow.

Gardeners do not recommend the use of purchased soil, since after transplanting seedlings will be difficult to adapt to the garden.

Land from the garden to mix in equal parts with sifted river sand and peat. It is not worth adding ashes, as this variety loves slightly acidic soil, although it feels comfortable with a neutral level of acidity. Steam the mixture or pour a strong solution of manganese for the destruction of larvae pests. In the prepared soil can be planted seeds.

Growing seedlings

Tomato seedlings are grown in boxes or pots at a temperature of + 25 degrees Celsius

The optimal time for planting seeds is at the end of March. Sow the seeds in plastic containers, deepening them by 1 cm. The distance between the seeds is 2.5 cm. After sowing, the ground is moistened, covered with glass and brought into a warm, well-lit room. When the first shoots appear, the glass is removed, the soil is moistened with a spray bottle.

For seedlings of this class is not necessary to organize additional lighting. The seedlings of this variety tolerates a lack of light, which is important when growing tomatoes on a windowsill.

If seedlings have two leaves, seedlings should be transplanted into separate containers. It is necessary to replant the plants with extreme caution, with a lump of earth from the previous place of growth, so as not to damage the not yet strengthened root system. One week after transplantation, fertilizing is recommended. For this you can use fermented chicken manure or mullein.

Planted plants in open ground with 3-4 leaves. Age of seedlings at this point 55 -60 days. Before planting seedlings need to harden. To do this, reduce the temperature in the room to 18 degrees, or put the plants on the balcony.

Transplanting seedlings in open ground and subsequent care

In greenhouses seedlings transplanted May 12-15. By this time, the height of the seedlings should be 20-25 cm. On open beds, seedlings are planted in late May or early June. The soil in the garden should be watered with a strong solution of manganese for disinfection. On 1 square. meter planted 6 bushes. Before planting, ½ buckets of warm water should be poured into each well. Do not deeply deepen the plants, as the bushes do not grow tall, and the ovary in this case will touch the ground. Watering need tomatoes as the soil dries.

Watering exercise under the root, early in the morning or in the evening. In the daytime when watering the plant can get burned. Moisture can not be sprayed on the leaves, since in this case there is a high probability of fungus.

Another important condition for better plant growth is weeding and loosening the soil. Loosening should be done after each watering, so that the root system gets more oxygen. Timely removal of weeds will also have a beneficial effect on plant growth. Weeds shade seedlings and pull nutrients from the soil.

For ripening fruits need more light, so the bushes are recommended to thin out from time to time, leaving 2-4 stalks

The first dressing must be made two weeks after transplantation. For this purpose it is better to use nitroammophos fertilizer. Add a matchbox of fertilizer to 10 liters of water. For subsequent dressings it is better to use complex mineral fertilizers.

Seed collection

It is necessary to choose mature fruit without damage. Cut into slices, choose seeds with a spoon with the juice and place them in a glass jar for fermentation. The juice should cover the seeds. Cover the jar from above, but not tightly, so that there is oxygen access.

Collect tomato seeds Klusha

Fermented seeds for 24 hours. The procedure is considered complete if the seeds have dropped to the bottom, and the juice has brightened considerably. We pour out the juice from the jar, rinse the seeds well, pour it on a paper towel to dry. Drying procedure takes a week. Dry seeds collected in a paper envelope or rag bag. Store in a dark and dry place.

Diseases and pests

In plants of this variety is quite high immunity to diseases. But, in case of violation of growing conditions, this variety may be affected:

  1. Gray rot. In order to prevent the need in the soil to bring ash;
  2. Late blight. In case of defeat of the bush, treatment with phytosporin is recommended;
  3. Vertex Rot. Soil treatment with a concentrated solution of 0.4% potassium chloride;
  4. Streptoriosis. Spraying bushes of blue vitriol.

Pests affecting this variety are:

  • aphid;
  • Colorado beetle;
  • spider mite;
  • slugs are naked.

To destroy these pests process bushes with copper sulphate. With the invasion of aphids fighting with a solution of ash or laundry soap.

Harvesting tomato

When harvesting, you must comply with these recommendations:

  • pluck fruit it is necessary when coloring them in color, characteristic of a grade;
  • peduncle delete;
  • spread out tomatoes in boxes;
  • for storage paper wrapping;
  • tomato layers pour dry sawdust or hay (this will extend the shelf life, prevent damage during transport).

Use the collected fruits for canning, juicing, as well as fresh use for preparing snacks and salads.

The small fruits of tomato Klusha great for canning

Its unpretentiousness and abundant fruiting Klusha variety won the love of gardeners. We recommend to please yourself and your family of excellent quality tomatoes.