Grapes ... Flexible vines, lush green, giving a thick shade, and heavy clusters of juicy, fragrant, delicious sweet berries. In the summer heat it is pleasant to be under the canopy of wide grape leaves and enjoy the taste of ripe large berries. Of course, not all varieties are so versatile but Augustine is just such a grape, which is described below.
In order to grow this crop yourself and get a good harvest, It is necessary to take into account many different subtleties: maturity dates of the variety, favorable growth conditions and compliance of your region with these conditions, resistance to frost and typical diseases.
A detailed description of the grape variety Augustine
Augustine is the common name of this variety, but it is often possible to find other names for the same grape: Pleven Sustainable, The Phenomenon, V25 / 20. This variety was obtained through the work of Bulgarian breeders by crossing two grape varieties (the so-called "parent couple" - Pleven X Vilar Blanc). Scientists have tried much to improve the quality of Pleven grapes, backed by their high disease resistance Vilar Blanc.Grapes Augustine or Pleven
The grapes of Augustine are early ripening, ripening time 117 days, the crop is harvested in mid-August. Refers to table varieties, i.e. It is preferable to use it fresh, without processing. Bushes vigorous, powerful, you can safely use to cover the arches and arbors. The plant has flowers of both sexes, it is perfectly pollinated even under adverse weather conditions, and is also capable of actively pollinating nearby varieties with female flowers.
The leaves are large, dark green, slightly dissected, almost round. The vine in the period of maturation takes a red-brown color to the point (caulk), young shoots grow very quickly and densely.
Growth regions of the Augustin variety are quite extensive, as it tolerates low temperatures well - it is frost-resistant in winter, the berries ripen even in cold rainy summer. Prefers well-fertilized and hydrated soils, with good care gives super high yields - from one bush can collect up to 60 kg (!) of berries, but even without much care, it will still produce a good and, most importantly, a stable harvest for many years.
Bunches of Augustine medium-large ones - 500-800g (sometimes, on arches and arbors with free growth they reach 1000-1200g), of conical shape, often having one wing. Berries they are not tight, but they are rather large in size - 27x18 mm, weight 5-8 g, slightly elongated oval.The grapes of Augustine are suitable for both business and family consumption.
Colour grapes - clear amber, with a slight white bloom. In the prism of sunlight, beautiful oblong berries are enlightened, significantly improving the presentation of the clusters. Peel dense, but it does not affect the taste, as the pulp the berries are also dense, fleshy - on the whole the taste is very harmonious and rich, the aroma is traditional.
After ripening, clusters of up to 2 weeks may remain on the vines, without losing its presentation and quality, the berries are not showered. Augustine does not form small berries (peas), perfectly tolerates transportation, berries can crack only when they fall too heavy rain.
Main advantages and disadvantages
Augustine grapes inherent in all the qualities of the table variety. It is practically not subjected to technical processing, as it is perfect for fresh consumption. Of the advantages should be highlighted:
- great sweet taste elastic juicy berries;
- early ripening of fruits the possibility of long-term storage on the bush;
- good frost resistance - up to 24about C, resistance to common fungal infections;
- the good transportability;
- fruit not damaged by wasps;
- stability harvests;
- possibility of use in the decoration of arches and arbors.
But, despite the many positive qualities, there are some shortcomings that need to be prepared, growing Augustine in the garden:
- the biggest drawback noted by specialists is - multiple bones quite large;
- in case of prolonged rains ripe berries may crack, rot and crumble;
- uncollected ripe berries start to crumble.
Methods of reproduction, planting, care for the vine
Like all grapes, Augustine breeds cuttings or seedlings, both in spring and autumn. Seed propagation is not recommended because new plants lose their genetic properties.
Despite the fact that this variety is unpretentious, if you want to collect stable, high yields, it is better to follow the generally accepted rules. Saplings with roots should be planted in May, when the positive temperature is established, to drive in pegs for each support near each. Before full rooting, be sure to water. During the summer, the plant is fully adaptable and will easily endure the winter cold. Place for landing choose sunny, open. The distance between the bushes - 1.5 m, between the rows - 3 m.The grapes of Augustine are well propagated by layering.
A place for the plant should be prepared in advance: dig a deep hole - at least 0.8 m, pour into it 2 buckets of compost mixed with the soil, sprinkle it with a layer of soil, which will protect the roots from possible burns. Then leave the pit for some time, so that the soil in it subsided, and the seedling before planting for 2-3 days immersed in water to saturate with moisture. When planting you need to make sure that the root neck is not under the ground.
Adult bushes do not need special care, it is enough to water in dry time. In the fall, it is recommended to apply complex fertilizers, rotted manure and ash are excellent. Every year you need to prune young shoots, leaving 10-12 or 12-16 eyes.
Common diseases, methods of struggle
Variety Augustine is resistant to all types of fungal diseases and does not require preventive treatment.
Unpretentious, high yield, excellent taste - in all respects the grapes Augustine - one of the best representatives of table varieties, will delight excellent harvests and farmers, and the usual summer resident gardener.