The plant is considered one of the ancient cultures of the East. Prior to this, it was grown only in Asian countries, later it was distributed in other regions. Today, this culture is growing even in the countries of Eurasia. Grapes are among the best table varieties, characterized by versatility of destination.In this review we will talk about Tayfi grapes, where and how to plant. Description and characteristics of the variety are given below.
Tayfi grape variety description
Grape seedlings are active in growth and quickly turn into strong plants. The term of full maturity is five to six months after the moment the buds blossom.Tayfi grapes late ripening
Annual mature shoots are colored red-brown. The foliage is large, slightly dissected, five-lobed, with curved edges.
Inflorescences bisexual. Grape clusters are large, their average weight reaches from one and a half to more than two kilograms. Cylindrical or conical clusters are loose, their legs are long, woody near the base.
Aging shoots good. The percentage of vines bearing fruit is twenty-four to twenty-six, the plant is able to form the ovary even on stepchildren.
Characteristics of white and pink berries
Typhoon grapes are large, the average weight of each is from seven to nine grams. The shape of the berries is cylindrical or oblong, the tip is slightly oblique. At length grapes reach twenty-three - twenty-eight millimeters. Their shade is red or pinkish. The skin is dense, even thick, with a bright red color on the inside. It is covered with small dots and a thin wax layer. The flesh is fleshy, when eaten, it makes a crunch, juicy. Taste characteristics are excellent.Tayfi grapes are very large
During ripening fruits are not showered on the ground and can persist for a long time but at the same time combs begin to wilt quickly. Berries have high marketable value and are well transported.
Fruit acidity is medium - up to seven grams per liter, sugar content is 17.4 grams. The berries are juicy, can give up to seventy percent of the juice used in the preparation of wine, compote or jam.
Advantages and disadvantages
Grape culture is popular in many countries. Among its main advantages are the following features:
- beautiful external data bunches;
- long storage (subject to the temperature regime, the hands may lie until the beginning of the spring season);
- the good resistance to hot weather, saline soils, dry season;
- berries are good for the body contain a lot of vitamins and nutritional components. Their caloric content is quite low.
There are also negative points:
- long ripening time;
- poor resilience to frost;
- weak immunity to mildew, powdery mildew, spider mites;
- high need for sunlight when grown.
Suitability for wine making
Grape culture has two varieties - white and pink. Each variety has a high calorie level, refers to the table species used in winemaking. Wine made from this grape variety is strong and tart.
Growth activity of seedlings is high, rooting rate is excellent. Planted them under the scheme 2.5 by 3 meters.Preparing the pit and planting grapes Tayfi
The soil composition is prepared in advance. It is necessary for this to take humus or manure, mix with the ground. Then the planting hole is dug out, a support column is set, which the plant will hold on to. If the soil is loamy, then drainage is recommended at the bottom of the pit. The prepared soil is laid in the pit with a layer of twenty centimeters, a plant is planted.
It would be better if the plant is planted along the walls of the capital buildings, who can protect it from cold winds.
Care for a young and mature vine
The plant has certain features that affect agrotechnical measures.
The grapes need constant watering, therefore, many recommend the use of irrigation systems for this. It is imperative to water it before the beginning and at the end of flowering, in excessively dry weather.Tayfi variety is very responsive to fertilization
Variety gratefully responds to the introduction of fertilizer compositions, most of all prefers components containing phosphorus and potassium.
Pruning is done in spring or late autumn but in each case, the plant must be in a resting phase.
Mulching should be done regularly using organic matter. So you can not only feed the vines, but also save their root system from drying out.
The formation of bushes should be done by fan leaving three - four sleeves, applying a middle trim on the fifth - sixth peep. This is very important because plants do not tolerate excessive load.
By the beginning of the winter period for the plant to build a shelter to protect it from low temperatures. With the onset of spring, the plant does not immediately open. First, holes for ventilation are arranged in the shelter until green buds appear on the shoots.Dry way to shelter grapes for the winter
Like most grape plants, Tayfi variety can be grown from seedlings, grafted to the rootstock, dropping cuttings.
Diseases and pests
For the prevention of diseases are treated with special preparations. Experienced gardeners are advised to plant a rose bush next to the crop, which may be subject to similar diseases. In this case, the rose will play the role of an indicator, having been exposed to the disease earlier for a couple of weeks, which will make it possible to take appropriate measures and protect the vineyard.
It should be noted that cultivation of this grape crop is more suitable for professional gardeners. It should not be planted by those who do not have sufficient knowledge to care for this plant.