About the farm

Domestic incubator "Laying": instructions and varieties


Incubator "Layer" BI 1, which is represented on the market in different models, is considered one of the most suitable for home use.

He gained his popularity due to an affordable price, because produced in Russia (Novosibirsk) and small size, which is convenient for small farms.

Modifications: automatic and manual mode

Incubator BI 1 is designed to breed chickens, ducks, geese and quails. Suitable for pheasant eggs, pigeons, parrots.

The body of the device is made of foam plastic, which makes the construction lightweight and provides thermal insulation. The device is equipped with a viewing glass window, at the bottom - a tank with water cells, an evaporator and a sensor, a thermometer. The latter, depending on the model, may be:

  • analog, setting the temperature on which is carried out manually, by turning the knob clockwise to increase and counterclockwise to decrease.
  • digital, characteristic of automatic models.
The automatic incubator layer is equipped with a digital scoreboard and buttons.

This allows you to make work settings, save them and automatically maintain the set parameters of temperature and humidity.

Device models vary in how they rotate eggs:

  • manual;
  • auto;
  • semi-automatic.

Also have different capacity. The minimum size is calculated on 36 eggs, and the maximum - on 104.
Please note that if necessary, the device can operate for about 20 hours from the battery, which should be purchased in advance.

The clear instruction and the warranty card is attached to each household appliance.

Type of incubator laying outside

Incubator of a household pile of BI 1

There are two variants of the BI-1 model, which differ in the capacity of the incubation material:

  • BI-1-36 (on 36 eggs);
  • BI-1-63 (on 63 pieces).

The case of these models is made with durable foam. Heating in BI-1-36 is carried out by incandescent lamps, in BI-1-63 - by special heating elements. To control the temperature there is a thermostat. Egg flipping is automatic. About 20 hours can work on a 12 watt battery. For normal operation of the incubator you need to monitor the temperature and humidity inside.

Some models of the BI-1 have a digital thermostat and a psychrometer that displays the level of humidity.

Incubator layer BI 2

The main difference between domestic incubators "Layer" BI-1 and "Layer" BI-2 in size. Model BI-2 is designed for more incubation material. Like BI-1, BI-2 also has two types:

  • BI-2-77 calculated on 77 eggs;
  • BI-2A has a capacity 104 pieces.

BI-2-77 is one of the best models in its segment. The device is equipped with a powerful thermostat that maintains the same temperature throughout the incubator. The permissible errors are noted in the instructions, the average may be 0.1 degrees. For large duck and small quail eggs, you can purchase special grids. In the foam case there is a window through which all the pledged material is visible. The incubator consumes 40 watts.

In addition, you can:

BI-2A connects with itself a favorable price and digital devices. The model has a standard case with a viewing window, and additional grilles in the kit. The device is equipped with a digital thermostat and a psychrometer. There is a type of the same model and without these sensors. The device consumes up to 60 watts.

Advantages and disadvantages

Comparing incubators "Layer" with analogues, we can distinguish the following advantages:

  • affordable price;
  • ease constructions (2-6 kg);
  • the good thermal insulation.

These positive qualities are due to the material of the body - foam. However, the disadvantages are the same:

  • fragility;
  • absorption odor incubation.
It is recommended to use abrasive cleaners, after each application to disinfect all surfaces inside and outside the incubator.

Instructions for use incubator layer

Full instructions for using the BI 1 and BI 2 incubators can be found here.

Preparation for work

The main stages of preparation for the operation of the incubator are described in the instructions in the sixth section.

  1. First external inspection instrument and check its configuration.
  2. At the bottom of the body falls lattice, smooth side up. How this is done is shown in the figure in the instructions.
  3. On the case of the incubator installs automatic rotation device. All details are described in the annex to the instructions.
  4. The case is closed lid.
  5. Connection incubator to a network of 220 V, the lattice will move to the opposite wall.
  6. Set the average value temperatures on the thermostat. The indicator lights up. Incubator for 10-30 minutes heats upWhen the working temperature is reached, the indicator will flash.
  7. 12 V connection thermostat. For this, the incubator is disconnected from the 220 V network and connected to the battery terminals. The principle of operation of the thermostat 12 V is the same as described above. After the transition to the operating mode, this is signaled by a blinking indicator, the clamps are disconnected from the battery terminals.
Type of incubator laying inside

Egg laying

Before laying the eggs, following the instructions, warm boiled water is poured in and the thermostat is adjusted. It is necessary to reach a temperature of 37.7 degrees. A medical thermometer and a thermometer from an incubator kit are used for the measurement.

For incubation, fresh, clean (unwashed), medium-sized eggs, with a smooth matte shell are selected.

You can use an ovoscope for verification. Bookmark eggs must be stored. no more than 10 days at a temperature not lower than 10 degrees. Otherwise, their incubation qualities are reduced.

Before laying, on eggs with a soft pencil from opposite sides make some marks (for example, "1", "2"). This will make it easier to control when turning.


"The incubator is in principle quite good, lightweight, compact, the electronics work well, you can connect to the battery in the event of a power outage, but there are drawbacks. This is primarily the case of polyester, although an excellent heat insulator, but how to disinfect it after the output problematic, uneven heating over the area of ​​the incubator, although the difference is small, but has an impact on the percentage of hatchability. "
"The incubator is a low-cost, 63-egg, mechanical egg-flipping. Easy, foam. But I note that it is extremely difficult to set the desired temperature. The thermostat needs to be bought separately." Review site

"In principle, there is nothing difficult in the incubator itself, it can be assembled and properly connected with the help of the instructions accompanying it. It also describes in detail the process of hatching chicks, what temperature is needed, etc. Be sure to read the instructions!" Review site

Incubator "Layer" is good for home use. Suitable for breeding chicks for your farm, and that for sale. The most popular models with a large capacity. Among the main advantages in the first place available price, then - simplicity of the device and ease of use.