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How to grow and propagate cherries at home?

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Cherry is a tasty and healthy berry. Having one bush in the garden, the gardener eventually has a desire to increase the quantity. In order not to buy new seedlings, it can be propagated and grown.

Cherry propagates in several ways, not only by planting in the ground, but also at home:

  1. Cuttings
  2. Vaccination
  3. Underwire
  4. Overgrown
  5. Layering

Using cuttings when planted in summer or autumn

To propagate cherries by cutting is not difficult. If you follow certain rules and conditions, you can achieve good results.and get some new cherry bushes without buying it.

Reproduction of cherry root cuttings

In the summer, cut the cuttings from the cherry. Cuttings need to be harvested in the morning or evening. They should be hardened and reddened. The upper cut is over the kidney, and the lower cut passes under the kidney with a distance of 1 cm. Cuttings are 30 cm. All undeveloped leaves should be removed. Cut the cuttings into the water.

To accelerate the rooting of cuttings, add a tool such as Zircon to the water. It will help the best engraftment.

Prepare a place for rooting cuttings. For the process to go best, you need:

  1. Dig a site for landing.
  2. Make the beds.
  3. On the beds dig a groove.
  4. Pour drainage to the bottom (coarse sand, pebbles are suitable for drainage).
  5. Put a fertile layer of soil on the drainage layer (mix earth with humus, add superphosphate, wood ash and nitrogen fertilizers).
  6. To water.

Now proceed to the landing of prepared cuttings of cherry. It should be planted with a distance of 8-10 cm. At a depth of 3 cm. Place the handle vertically. This is best done in the evening.

Cover the area with plastic wrap. This will protect the planting from the sun's rays, and create a greenhouse effect for them, which will accelerate the survival.

At the first landing time, it is recommended to water it and air it from time to time. Two weeks later, the roots will appear in the seedlings. Two weeks later, the cuttings rooted completely. Continue caring for young bushes until next spring. Care is weeding, loosening and watering.

Cherry cuttings can be propagated not only by planting in the country in the ground, but also at home. To do this, take a tank of sufficient depth. Fill them with loose soil. Plant the prepared cuttings in the tank. Cover planting film or other capacity, but transparent. To hold a film until the shank completely takes roots. Note that landing is necessary to air.

Graft

Many gardeners use a grafting or budding method for breeding cherries. It is used in the case to get varietal cherries.

In order for the budding to be successful, wild seedlings are taken or the rootstock is grown independently from the seeds. Age of bushes should be 2 years. Graft bushes in the springtime. Shoots for vaccination cut in the northern regions in late autumn. In southern areas, just before grafting. The best period for budding is the period from June 20 to July 15.

Grafting cherry over the bark

Cut branches from young trees. The segments should be at least 35 cm. The segments should be put in warm water. With segments cut with a sharp knife to cut eyes with buds. Vaccination is carried out better in the way improved budding, that is, in the butt with tongue.

Technique grafting cherry, similar to apple. To get a guaranteed result, you should do the budding with two eyes on both sides of the trunk. After budding, place the vaccination tape.

Budding works are carried out in cloudy weather. At the end of the crescent, test for survival and loosen the dressing.. In the winter, in order to protect the place of ejection from freezing, it is necessary to roll up to the place of inoculation.

In early spring, grafted rootstocks trim. Leave spike. On it is tied up escape from a sprouting bud. Tie a process at the very beginning of growth, then after half a month. In early July, the thorn is trimmed completely. During the summer season, continue to care for the grafted seedlings:

  1. Loosen the ground around the bushes.
  2. Weed weeds.
  3. Regularly watered.
  4. Fertilizers are applied.
Formation of the crown begins in the fall. It is possible to carry out it, both before landing on a permanent place, and after.

Good results are obtained by grafting cherries on the sweet cherry. So obtained excellent varieties Sasha, Kuban, Miracle Cherry, Hope, Poppy, South, Dessert Morozova.

Scheme - methods of grafting cherry

Reproduction by seeds (seeds)

Some varieties of cherries can be grown from seed. They will also bear fruit, as well as parent varieties. Some grown seedlings, can serve as a stock, for grafting other varieties. How to grow a cherry from the stone?

For crops choose ripe berries. The bones are peeled and washed in water. After the seeds are dried. Bones planted in the ground at the end of September. Therefore, in order to preserve the planting time, place the seeds in wet sand and place in a cool place.

For planting seeds, prepare beds in advance. Dig the soil. Remove weeds. Add fertilizer. Now proceed to sowing. The stones are placed in the ground at a depth of 3-4 cm. From above pour a layer of peat 5 cm.

Stratification of cherry pits can be done at home. To do this, cooked seeds, fall asleep in a container. Stir with sand or peat and refrigerate until spring.

If the bones of the cherry are sown in spring, then they must undergo stratification. This period is 200 days. For stratification, place the seeds in the sand. Moisten and place in the cellar at a temperature of + 5-6 degrees. If the cellar is not available, dig a trench 60-80 cm deep. Place seeds on the bottom and cover it with peat. Ready bones are determined by cracking or breaking along the seam.

Such seeds are sown in early spring to a depth of 5-6 cm. The bones are seated with a distance between 3-5 cm and 30 cm row spacing.

Landing fall asleep with a layer of humus or peat. Further care is watering, loosening and weeding.

Sprouted Cherry Bone

During the growth of the bush, remove the side branches that grow on the lower shoots. These branches are removed so that they do not interfere with budding later on.

With the onset of autumn, seedlings gently dig. If possible, try not to damage the root system. A few days before digging, scour the leaves with seedlings.

Sort the seedlings into categories:

  • First category - root neck with a diameter of 7-9 mm.
  • Second category - root neck thickness 5-7 mm.
  • Third category or marriage - include seedlings with a root collar thickness of less than 5 mm.
Cherry seedlings from stone

Seedlings prune roots. Leave 10-12 cm. To be preserved until spring, you need to prikopat in a trench. Set should be in an inclined position. With the onset of spring to plant seedlings in a permanent place.

Breeding root system

Reproduction of cherry undergrowth is considered one of the easiest ways. In this way, gardeners from the Urals and Siberia are most often used. Trees grown in this way have the ability to recover faster after freezing.. These plants have a higher winter hardiness.

To avoid overgrowth of unnecessary bushes, for breeding by shoots, varietal or root-bearing shrubs are taken. In such cherries from overgrowth grow plants similar to the parent.

Cultivation of cherry undergrowth

The disadvantage of growing cherries from overgrowth is that they come into fruiting later grafted. Weediness between shoots. But despite all the shortcomings, this method is simple in reproduction and it is possible to get excellent, winter-hardy plants.

Choose a shrub that has fewer sprouts. Among her, choose a developed and strong, which is 1-2 years. Older plants should not be taken because they feed at the expense of the mother bush and as a result, a weak root system. It is also not suitable growth, which is located closer than 1 m.

Sprouts are harvested in the spring before the buds bloom or in the middle of autumn. Work should be in cloudy weather.

Cut off the root that comes from the mother bush. Leave the shrub in place until it has its own powerful root system. The above-ground part should be shortened by about part. During the growing season fertilize a couple of times. Requires regular watering. The following year, plants with a strong root system are transplanted to a permanent place., and the rest, weaker grow.

With the help of layering

The layering is the rooted aboveground part of the plant.. Reproduction by layering is simple and accessible to any gardener, even a beginner. There are two ways. First way - It is vertical layering. Second - horizontal.

First way

To propagate cherries in such a way you need to trim the aboveground part of the bush. This procedure is done when the bush is at rest.

Reproduction of fruit-and-berry stocks with vertical layers

After the shoots begin to grow, they begin to spud. On these shoots in the soil will grow roots. Spud need several times until the height of the mound reaches 15-20 cm. A year later, separate the rooted cuttings from the mother bush and transplant to a permanent place.

Second way

For reproduction in horizontal layers, take a branch and gently bend it to the ground. That she did not take its original position, it should be attached to the ground with a fork-shaped stud. Place the pinching site to cover with soil and water abundantly.. Further care is watering, feeding and weeding.

A year later, rooted cuttings are separated from the parent bush and transplanted to a permanent place.

From the foregoing it is clear that to multiply cherries is very simple and affordable for every gardener. Moreover, there are several breeding methods and one of them can choose one that is easier to work with.

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