Most recently, many believed that sea buckthorn is wild berry, which grows mostly in Siberia. But modern scientists have brought a huge number of varieties, characterized by high taste, large size and other positive characteristics, growing in the Urals and in the suburbs.
The largest fruit comes from the Essel variety. No spines talks about the safety of working with a plant, such qualities can be boasted of the varieties Giant, Sun and many others. The most fruitful Botanical variety is considered, it is very often used on an industrial scale. Increased winter hardiness different varieties Trofimovskaya, Golden Ear and Dar Katun. In this article we will take a closer look at the description of these varieties.
The largest varieties of sea buckthorn, description
Sea buckthorn growing in the wild brings fruits weighing 0.2-0.3 grams, the weight of the berries of cultivated plants is 0.5 grams. But there are varieties that can produce fruits, the mass of which reaches 1.5 grams.
OpenworkSea buckthorn grade Openwork
This tree has a beautiful, spreading crown, there are no thorns on the branches. Fruits are bright orange in color, in their form resemble a cylinder. The weight of one berry reaches 1 gram. Sea buckthorn of this variety ripens early and gives a bountiful harvest.. It is resistant to frost, drought and many fungal diseases.
AugustineSea buckthorn grade Augustine
Fruits of this variety weigh approximately 1.1 grams, characterized by orange color and ovoid shape. Fruits are collected in loose brushes, which greatly simplifies the process of their collection.. On the shoots there is a small number of thorns. Sea buckthorn ripens early, 16-18 kg of crop is harvested from one adult tree.
ElizabethWinter-hardy buckthorn cultivar Elizaveta
Shrub with a neat, compact crown that does not require long pruning. On average, berries weigh 0.9 grams, have a sweet and sour taste with light shades of pineapple. Fruits grow on long stems, easily separated from the brush, ripen in late terms. Among other things, the variety is characterized by high winter hardiness and resistance to attacks by pests.
EsselSea buckthorn grade Essel
The variety is a novelty of Siberian breeding. Berries have excellent characteristics, their weight reaches 1.2 grams, the shape is oval, the taste is sweet, dessert. Fruits ripen in August, differ in weak attachment to the brush.
The best varieties of studless sea buckthorn
Thornless sea buckthorn is one of the most important discoveries of breeders. Such plants are safe for the gardener, they are much easier to care for and harvest.
GiantBesshipnaya sea buckthorn grade Giant
The variety can be sold in the form of a shrub or in the form of a tree. It has a conical crown without thorns, reaches a height of 3.5 meters. The fruits are bright orange cylindrical in shape, grow on a short stalk, have a sweet-sour taste and a large size.
SolarSea-buckthorn bush grade Solar
A large shrub with a spreading crown, the safety of the variety ensures the absence of thorns. Fruits of amber color by weight reach 0.7 grams, have a pleasant sweet taste and high oiliness.
AltaiSea-buckthorn Altai variety
On a neat crown almost no spikes. The fruits ripen in late August, weighing 0.7 grams on average. They have a pleasant sweet taste with a slight scent of pineapple.. Berries are distinguished by a light, dry separation from the stem.
FriendSea buckthorn grade Girlfriend
Shrub of medium height with a crown, characterized by a weak spreading. The shoots of the plant are straight and thin, there are no thorns on them. The leaves are shiny, light green in color with slight pubescence. Fruits are large in size, their weight can reach 1 gram, the shape is oval, the color is rich orange. The taste of berries is sweet and sour, they can be used both for fresh consumption and for various types of processing.
The most productive varieties
Sea buckthorn varieties, recently bred, are endowed with the highest yields. Up to 18 kilograms of fruits can be collected from one bush, instead of the previous 5-6 kilograms.
BotanicalSea buckthorn cultivar Botanical
The variety is often used for commercial purposes. with proper care from one 5-year-old tree, you can collect up to 20 kilograms of crop. Fruits differ in the large size, red-orange color and pleasant, juicy taste. Berries are easily separated from the stem and tolerate transportation.
Moscow beautySea buckthorn Moscow beauty
Medium shrub with a compact crown. Rich, orange berries have a dessert taste and a rather large size (0.6 grams). Variety brings abundant annual yield, from one plant to collect up to 15 pounds of fruit. In addition, the Moscow beauty has good winter hardiness and unpretentiousness to care and growing conditions. Immune to most diseases.
ChuyChuy sea buckthorn variety
Compact tree with a sprawling, sparse crown, lends itself well to formation. 10-12 kilograms of oval, slightly elongated berries are harvested from one plant.. The fruits ripen in the summer, have a pleasant sweet-sour taste.
FavoriteHigh-yielding sea-buckthorn grade Favorite
Medium shrub with a flat-oval crown. Shoots straight, practically without thorns, characteristic whitish bloom. The top of the sheet is light green and the bottom is silver. Fruits are oval orange. The skin is sweaty, the flesh is slightly loose, very pleasant to the taste. The variety ripens at the end of August and brings a stable and large crop, which is suitable for various types of conservation.. The variety has high winter hardiness and is immune to most diseases.
NivelenaVariety of sea buckthorn Nivelen
Medium shrub with mildly umbrella-shaped crown. Light brown shoots, frosted, spikes are present in small quantities. The leaves are small in size, green. Berries are large yellow-orange, spherical shape. The pulp has a good aroma and sweet-sour taste. Such berries ripen at the end of the summer, tolerate transportation and can be stored for a long time. Also, the variety has high winter hardiness and resistance to diseases.
The most cold-resistant varieties
Sea buckthorn belongs to Siberian plants, so good frost resistance is its natural characteristic. But there are varieties in which this indicator is at the highest level.
Golden cobFrost-resistant sea buckthorn grade Golden Ear
A variety of sea buckthorn, beginning to bear fruit already in the 3rd year of life. You can also select a small number of thorns. Golden-orange berries weighing up to 0.5 grams are gathered in dense ear cobs. The main advantage is the increased winter hardiness.
TrofimovskayaSea buckthorn grade Trofimovskaya
Tall shrub with a sprawling, umbrella form. Brings large fruits weighing up to 0.7 grams of orange with red tints. The shape of the berries is elongated. The variety has a high content of ascorbic acid. Trofimovskaya is able to survive not only the winter cold, but also the spring frosts, which are more destructive for most crops.
Botanical amateurSea buckthorn Botanical Amateur
The shrub grows up to 4 meters in height, the crown has a pyramidal shape. The leaves are large, light green in color, the spines are almost absent. The berries ripen in early August, and if the crop is not harvested on time, then it will perespeet and will not be transportable. Fruits are large, yellow-orange with scales. The shape is oval-cylindrical. The pulp has a pleasant taste and pineapple smell. Also the variety is very fruitful, 15 kg of the crop are harvested from one bush, the sea buckthorn begins to bear fruit for 3-4 years of life. Botanical amateur resistant to frost, drought and various diseases.
Dar KatunFrost-resistant grade of sea buckthorn Dar Katun
The bush grows up to 2.7 meters in height, the crown is oval, the thickening is average. There may be a small number of spikes or they may be completely absent. The leaves are concave, saturated green. The fruits have an orange color and a round shape, on average, their weight is 0.7 grams. Harvest can be collected in the second half of August. Fruiting sea buckthorn begins at 3 years of life and lasts up to 12 years of age. From one bush 14-16 kilograms of a crop are collected. The variety is resistant to frost and disease.
Sea buckthorn contains a large amount of vitamins and beneficial trace elementstherefore, these berries have a beneficial effect on the human body. Due to the high content of oils, this culture is often used in cosmetology.