Save your favorite variety of currants in several ways. One of the options - plant a young bush, with already formed roots. The second of the methods is a bit more complicated. - from old fruiting bushes to cut off the shoots by cutting. Both options are good for increasing the number of currant bushes on the site (cottage). Let's take a closer look at the rules of planting garden currants in the fall, step by step guide and schemes.
The best time for planting in Siberia, the Urals, Moscow region and southern regionsEarly autumn is a good time for planting currants
Plant currant bushes worth early autumn or spring. In the northern regions, in the Urals and in Siberia Currant can be planted in the summer (late August), in outskirts of Moscow - the end of September - the beginning of October, in the southern regions disembarking is made later - from 10-15 numbers of October. This allows the plant to adapt to the ground. And at the same time, and adapt to wintering. Yes, and the mother bush is easier to transfer cuttings at rest and approaching winter. But the optimal landing time is September. And for all regions.
Spring planting is carried out on heated ground. It is better to start it at the end of March.. Then the earth is warmed up, and the soil almost never freezes through. Yes, and water the plant is not necessary. But the shoots will not start to grow at high speed. This will give time to the cutting itself (young bush) to take root.
Advantages of autumn planting red and black currants
Of course, the autumn planting is fraught with many risks. But it does provide several advantages over spring sowing.:
- rooting fast
- lack of pests
- good adaptation to the ground
- friendly spring shoots
- active crown formation.
Such results will be only when the technology of planting plants in open ground and proper care after planting is observed. And most importantly - the choice of a suitable place. It should be covered on the windy side by other shrubs or fencing.
There is also a not very pleasant nuance during the autumn planting. it probability of damage to young bushes of red, white and black currants during the winter frosts. But such grief can be helped by covering the plants for the winter with foil.
Choosing the right bush
By the selection of young seedlings should be approached responsibly. Which bush to choose?There are several ways to obtain the desired variety of plants:
- grafting from an old fruiting plant
- purchase of annual bush favorite variety
- independent growing shoots from grafted plants.
Of course, it is better to plant an already proven variety that has got accustomed to the plot. To do this, cut off the young plant from the old plant and plant it in a prepared place.
But if you need to buy a currant bush, then it is worth choosing according to several parameters:
- two or more shoots
- root is stiff with a little nap
- without external signs of disease
- no broken roots or cut parts.
Such a choice is guaranteed to give good yields., rapid growth of the bush, resistance to disease (at least at first).What should be currant seedlings
Often gardeners prefer to experiment themselves. therefore graft a different variety to the main plant. And then from such a vaccination take escape to form a new young bush. This breeding method is also good. Only shoots need to be taken from those plants that are not sick, excellent fruit. You can cut the sprout after the currant begins to lose leaves. This usually starts by mid-September..
Preparing a landing site
Before making cuttings (cutting off shoots from an old bush), it is necessary to decide on the place of future planting of a young bush. For varieties of black currants, the best place would be an illuminated area that is not obscured by the sun. Not bad pick up a lowland area with good humidity. This will provide several benefits:
- fast development bush
- increased yield
- plentiful bloom without barren
- large fruit.
It is better if the soil is low acid. Yes, and looseness also plays an important role in the rooting of the bush.
Red and white currants prefer bright places, but grow well in a small shade. The main thing - the lack of acidity in the soil. And it is better if such a place is on the dais. Wherein Do not forget that loose soil helps the plant to start new shoots with sufficient speed. And that means, the harvest will not have to wait long.
We fertilize soil for young bushes
For those farmsteads where soils are low in acid, it is sufficient to fertilize with a mineral additive before planting. And after fertilizing slightly loosen. And you can plant prepared cuttings.
And there, where there is a lot of salts and acids, it is necessary to slightly improve the soil. This is done like this:
- topcoat is removed at the landing site at 40-45cm
- mixed mined soil with dolomite flour (0.5 kg per 1 sq. M.)
- falling asleep back to the landing site
- fertilizes mineral supplements.
This will help the plants to start well and actively bear fruit in the second year after planting.Before planting currants in the ground add mineral fertilizers or compost
Fertilizers to be used should be as natural as possible. Best for all varieties of currant Gumat + 7yod for fruit bushes. True, you need to use it strictly according to the instructions, not exceeding the dose.
Many gardeners prefer to fertilize the soil for planting currants with humus or compost. This will also give excellent results for the plants themselves and their owners. But here it is necessary to fill the humus in the prepared places for a couple of weeks before planting the cuttings. Then the ground has time to settle slightly. And the compost itself is better mixed with the soil.
Sometimes places for planting currant bushes fertilized with potash mixtures. This approach takes time and additional expense. Although for loamy soils such a fertilizer fits perfectly. But on top of the mixtures it is necessary to pour a layer of soil for the calm growth of a young bush.
We plant a plant in the fall in an open ground, the step-by-step guide
First, it is necessary to dig a hole for planting. Next is to determine the type of landing.
If you plant in the traditional waythen the plant in the pit should be positioned so that above the ground it is in an inclined position at an angle of 45 degrees. At the same time, for the black currant after shrinkage of the soil, the root system should deepen by 10 cm. And for red and white - it can be a little less (5 cm). Pruning is required up to 3 buds above the ground.Scheme of proper planting currant bush
When sprinkling the plant with soil, it is worthwhile to make the lower 3 shoots fall asleep. Then in spring young branches will grow from these buds.
For fan modewhen the plants are hanging on short trellises, the bush is set vertically. The root penetration is the same as in the previous method. But here it is worth tightly tamping a place under a bush. And then the branches should be cut to half.
Trellis way involves pre-trimming before landing. Then it is necessary to remove all pericarp buds and small shoots. Then put it vertically in the ground. But after planting, pruning such a bush is not necessary. Deepening the roots, as in the previous methods.
Proper care of a young bush after planting
Care for a young plant after it is placed in the ground need a little more:
- soil mulching peat, compost or humus (up to 10 cm in depth)
- sprinkling holes sand (so that the crust does not appear on the ground after watering)
- abundant watering warm water (if autumn is dry)
- hilling bushes before frosts (15cm).
In the spring, when the earth is just beginning to warm up, young plants should be freed from a large layer of earth spud for the winter. This will allow the currant to quickly grow and begin to form a crown.
Tips for novice gardeners
Some useful information that will be useful not only for beginners, but also for experienced gardeners:
- currant bushes better place in one placerather than around the perimeter of the plot - it will give abundant yields and help the plants retain the right amount of moisture
- currant bushes can be cut off not only in spring but also in autumn - the formation of bushes in the spring after autumn pruning will be more active and faster
- from the frost on the soil currants better cover with a dark film - it will give good condensate even from the winter sun.
- water plants it is abundantly needed only during the drought period - black currant especially loves water.
Choosing the right place, preparing the soil, adherence to planting technology guarantees abundant harvests from each bush. In this case, the berry will be large and tasty.