Blueberry is an unfamiliar culture for Russian gardeners, the interest in which increases every year. It is a relatively heat-loving culture that requires careful selection of the variety.adapted to the climatic conditions of the landing region. This article provides an overview and description of the best varieties of blueberries in different categories - Bleukrop, Toro, Duke, Spartan and others.
Varieties of tall blueberry garden
At the beginning of the 20th century, the Brooke variety was selected from a wild-growing type of blueberry. In the following from low-growing blueberry, a variety of Russell, distinguished by frost resistance and early ripening. After crossing these varieties, biologists obtained excellent results, and after adding blueberries of the south to them, four valuable varieties were developed. So the new culture has entered into gardening - blueberry tall. Today in the USA about 50 grades are registered.
Blueberry tall - branched shrub in height from 1.2 to 2.5 m. The plant is characterized by rapid growth and good pobegoobrazovatelnuyu ability. The size of the fruit depends on the variety, often up to 4 g. The taste of the berries is characteristic of the species, but sweeter than that of the wild forms.
New varieties of tall blueberries are winter-hardy and hardy enough, can withstand temperatures as low as -30 ° C. At lower temperatures can freeze slightly, but with proper care quickly restored. Spring frosts are more dangerous for crop loss, blueberry flowers do not tolerate lowering the temperature by more than -2 ° C.
Early varieties: River, Duke, Patriot and others
Fruits of early varieties of culture in the middle zone begin to ripen in the second half of July.
- Early tall Erliblyu blueberries
- Early tall blueberries Puru
- Early tall blueberries Rankoccas
- Early tall blueberries River
- Early Tall Blueberry Sunrise
- Early tall blueberry duke
- Early tall blueberries Patriot
The extraordinary taste of fruits and high yields (8-18 kg per bush) differ grade River.
Variety Duke enjoys special popularity in America. Feature of the plant - late flowering, which eliminates the loss of the crop due to damage to the flowers by spring frosts. Despite this, the fruits ripen by mid-July. The shrubs of this variety have strong fruits with a dessert taste and a pronounced aroma.
Feature varieties Patriot plasticity to soil conditions, resistance to late blight. Therefore, the cultivation of plants of this variety does not bring gardener additional trouble.
Later varieties: Bleukrop, Jersey Bonus
The fruits of the shrubs of these varieties begin to ripen in the first half of August.
- Late Tall Blueberry Berkeley
- Late tall blueberry Bleukrop
- Late Tall Blueberry Bonus
- Late tall blueberry Coville
- Late Tall Blueberry Nelson
- Late tall blueberries Spartan
- Late tall blueberries Toro
- Late Tall Blueberry Hardible
Jersey variety one of the best pollinators, it is worth considering when selecting shrubs for a combined planting. In addition, it is resistant to late-spring frosts and viral diseases. This is an old and proven variety by many gardeners.
Blucrop the most reliable, consistently fruiting variety. Productivity 6-9 kg from a bush. The fruits of this shrub are valued for their high transportability and resistance to natural disasters. Variety Toro has a high frost resistance, can withstand a temperature drop to -34 ° C.
A real find for lovers to feast on fresh fruit is Variety Bonus. This plant diameter of fruits reaches up to 30 mm. The flesh is sweet and dense, so the fruits are able to withstand long-term transportation.
Description varieties undersized blueberries
The introduction of low-growing species of blueberry in the culture began in the 1930s, in parallel with the tall species. From the wild species, the most promising forms were selected and selection work was carried out. As a result varieties of undersized blueberries with a shorter growing season and higher frost resistance were bredthan varieties of tall crops. Also in the gardening introduced varieties of blueberries, obtained by selection from the natural population.
Depending on the variety, undersized blueberry shrubs reach a height of 50 cm to 1.2 m. Productivity ranges from 1.2 to 2.5 kgbut there are exceptions. Fruits of medium size from 1 to 1.8 cm in diameter with a pronounced sweet-sour taste, excellent for culinary preparations. Relatively high frost resistance allows to successfully cultivate all varieties of undersized blueberries in the middle and northern regions of horticulture.
Early varieties: Northland, Bluegold, Northblu and others
Early varieties of blueberries begin to ripen in mid-July.
- St. Cloud;
- Early Blueberry Blueberry
- Nortland Early Blueberry
- Early undersized blueberry Chippeva
- Early Blueberry Blueberry
According to gardeners Northland variety can withstand a slide temperatures up to -40 ° C. Therefore, it can be planted in regions with harsh winters. Plants of this variety are characterized by regular yield (4-8 kg from a bush), which is rare for short growing varieties.
St. Cloud the earliest variety, the fruits of the shrub begin to ripen in early July. A distinctive feature is the need for annual pruning. Brugold variety It is valued for stable yield indicators (4.5-7 kg per bush), winter hardiness and resistance to fungal diseases.
Middle late varieties: Emil, Polaris, Putte
The fruits of plants of these varieties begin to ripen from the beginning of August.
- Bush middle late undersized blueberry Emil
- Medium-Litter Blueberry Polaris
- Middle Late Blueberry Putte
Feature of the variety Putte - self-fertilizing, it can be planted in single plantings.Polaris variety valued for stable yield 1.5-2 kg from the bush. Fruits of Emil sweeter, ideal for making preserves and jams.
Blueberry varieties of swamp
These varieties were introduced into the crop by selecting promising forms of blueberry marsh. Differ in high winter hardiness and frost resistance, are recommended for cultivation in the Urals and Siberia. Blueberry bushes of these varieties able to withstand temperatures from -35 ° C to -43 ° C.
- Taiga beauty;
- Blue placer;
- Blueberry Flush Nectar
- Blueberry marsh Shegarskaya
- Blueberry bog Yurkovskaya
Among these plants, gardeners highlight Taiga beauty gradeable to withstand temperature drops to -43 ° C. In addition, the variety is resistant to viral and fungal diseases. High yields differ varieties Marvelous and Blue placer - 1.6 kg from a bush. Have Shegarskaya varieties large (1.1 g) and juicy fruits.
The best varieties of blueberries for the Moscow region: Erliblyu, Nelson, Spartan and others
The climate in the Moscow region is temperate continental with a pronounced seasonality. The average temperature in winter is -11 ° С, during the influence of the anticyclone it can drop to -25 ° -30 ° С. The soil freezes to 65-75 cm, and the height of snow cover reaches 35-45 cm. In aggregate, these conditions are suitable for growing blueberries. The only danger for blueberries are spring and autumn frosts, the possibility of which must be considered when choosing a variety and care.
- Blue Ray;
- Blueberry Blueberry
- Blueberry Blues
Variety Patriot actively cultivated by gardeners near Moscow. Among the positive characteristics is stable yield 5-7 kg from a bush, resistance to root and stem rot. In addition, the plants of this variety are highly decorative and are often used in the formation of a hedge.
Rankkokas grade A great option for early harvest, the fruits of these shrubs begin to ripen in early July. Originators claim that plants able to withstand temperatures down to -34 ° C.
Fruits of a grade Spartan excellent option for the fresh use. These are berries with mild acidity that keep their shape well and tolerate long-term storage. Erliblyu variety has a high winter resistance, easily tolerates possible temperature drops and the effect of return frosts.
The basis of the successful cultivation of blueberries - the right choice of variety. This is a rather whimsical plant that requires careful adherence to all agricultural practices.. Despite this, many gardeners have already abandoned the usual berry crops, gradually arranging small blueberry plantations on their plots. This contributes to the high nutritional value of the fruits of culture and increased demand in the market.